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(St. Margaret of York)
St. Margaret is considered the first woman martyred under Queen
Elizabeth's religious suppression. Margaret was raised a Protestant
but converted to Catholicism about two to three years after she
was married. According to her confessor, Fr. Mush, Margaret became
a Catholic because she "found no substance, truth nor Christian
comfort in the ministers of the new church, nor in their doctrine
itself, and hearing also many priests and lay people to suffer
for the defense of the ancient Catholic Faith." Margaret's
husband, John Clitherow, remained a Protestant but supported his
wife's decision to convert. They were happily married and raised
three children: Henry, William, and Anne. She was a businesswoman
who helped run her husband's butcher shop business. She was loved
many people even her Protestant neighbors.
Margaret practiced her faith and helped many people reconcile
themselves back into the Catholic Church. She prayed one and a
half hours every day and fasted four times a week. She regularly
participated in mass and frequently went to confession. When laws
were passed against Catholics, Margaret was imprisoned several
times because she did not attend Protestant services. Other laws
were passed which included a 1585 law that made it high treason
for a priest to live in England and a felony for anyone to harbor
or aid a priest. The penalty for breaking such laws was death.
Despite the risk, Margaret helped and concealed priests. Margaret
said "by God's grace all priests shall be more welcome to
me than ever they were, and I will do what I can to set forward
God's Catholic service."
Margaret wanted her son Henry to receive a Catholic education
so she endeavored that her son be sent outside the Kingdom to
Douai, France for schooling. Such an act was considered a crime.
When the authorities discovered their intention, the Common Council
had the Clitherow house searched. They initially found nothing
but later retrieved religious vessels, books and vestments used
for Holy Mass. They also found a secret hiding place but no renegade
priests. Still, Margaret was arrested. Margaret refused to plead
and to be tried saying, "Having made no offense, I need no
trial". English law decreed that anyone who refused to plead
and to be tried should be "pressed to death". So on
the morning of March 25, 1586, after sewing her own shroud the
night before and after praying for the Pope, cardinals, clergy,
and the Queen, Margaret was executed. She lay sandwiched between
a rock and a wooden slab while weights were dropped upon her,
crushing her to death. She did not cry out but prayed "Jesu,
Jesu, Jesu, have mercy upon me. She died at age 30.
Move by her saintly life, all her children entered the religious
life. Anne became a nun. Henry and William both became priests.
On October 25, 1970, Pope Paul VI declared Margaret a saint.